Cocaine and crack abuse facts powder cocaine, also called coke, nose candy, snow, blow, or toot, is a drug that comes from the coca plant. Crack cocaine is an extremely potent central nervous system stimulant. The number of initiates of crack cocaine ranged from 209,000 to 353,000 in 2002 to 2008 and declined to 95,000 in 2009. Cocaine and crack essay cocaine hydrochloride a white powder and crack a solidified version of cocaine hydrochloride come from the coca leaf, grown mostly in the mountains of south america. Cocaine is a white powder that comes from the dried leaves of the coca plant, which is found in south america. Cocaine definition, a bitter, crystalline alkaloid, c17h21no4, obtained from coca leaves, used as a local anesthetic and also widely used as an illicit drug for its stimulant and euphorigenic properties. Safer anesthetics than cocaine were developed in the 20th century, although it is still used as. The number of initiates of crack cocaine has been similar each year since 2009 e. As an illegal drug, cocaine is available in several different forms including powder and crystals. Because they have the same base ingredient, they share many of the same shortterm side effects such as euphoria, increased energy, mental alertness, anxiety, and paranoia. Crack is a form of cocaine that has been processed to make a rock crystal that people smoke.
Crack is the hard form of cocaine that develops when the drug is mixed with water and other solvents and then cooked into a hard, rock form. Crack and cocaine are both drugs created from the coca plant but have a different level of refinement. Lifetime use of crack cocaine, according to mtf, also increased among eighth, tenth, and twelfthgraders, from an average of 2% in 1991 to 3. Powder cocaine, also called coke, nose candy, snow, blow, or toot, is a drug that comes from the coca plant. Freebasing cocaine is the process of freeing the cocaine base from the salt form in which cocaine is naturally found. Crack cocaine dictionary definition crack cocaine defined. Crack cocaine definition of crack cocaine by medical.
Nicknames include rock, work, hard, iron, cavvy, base, or just crack. Description in its most common form, cocaine is a whitish crystalline powder that produces feelings of euphoria when ingested. The term crack comes from the cracking sound the rocks make when they are heated. Cocaine info cocaine information is abundant on the internet these days.
Crack cocaine has a yellowishwhite tint to it, and looks like small chunks of soap or plaster. The manual of adolescent substance abuse treatment calls it the most addictive form of cocaine. As an illegal drug, cocaine can be used in its powder form, or it can be made into crack cocaine. Freebasing cocaine effects and risks of freebasing. Cocaine and crack are dangerous, addictive drugs that can lead to serious side effects including sudden cardiac death, brain seizures, heart attack and stroke. About 25 million people in the united states use cocaine at least once during their lifetime. In higher doses, it is also more addictive than regular cocaine that is snorted. After cocaine and baking soda are combined, the mixture is boiled, and a solid forms. A colorless or white crystalline alkaloid, c17h21no4, extracted from coca leaves, sometimes used in medicine as a local anesthetic especially for the. Cocaine is mostly an illegal drug that comes from the leaves of a plant called coca.
Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, cocaine is an illegal drug. Powdered coke and crack can be prepared to make a solution for injecting, which is much more dangerous than snorting or smoking cocaine. Crack is made by cooking cocaine powder with baking soda, then breaking it. Crack cocaine is a form of the drug cocaine which has been purified and made into. Information and translations of crack cocaine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Crack also known as rock and freebase is the smokable form of cocaine.
Cocaine meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. The united states categorizes cocaine as a schedule ii drug. Commonly referred to as crack, rocks, sleet, base, cloud, hard ball, and nuggets, crack cocaine is the crystal form of pure cocaine, which is usually a white powder. While they are both different chemical forms of cocaine, they differ in how they are made, how they are abused, their cost, dangers, effects, and more. Crack or freebase can be smoked through a glass pipe, tube, plastic bottle or in foil, but this is less common. It is illegal for use except for legitimate medical purposes.
Cocaine and crack are schedule ii stimulants that produce intense but shortterm euphoria and increased energy levels. The purified, alkaloidal, extrapotent form of cocaineit is smoked freebased, injected intravenously, and orally ingested. When people smoke crack, they have a feeling called being high. A dangerous drug thats a freebase form of cocaine that can be smoked. Cocaine definition cocaine is a highly addictive central nervous system stimulant extracted from the leaves of the coca plant, erythroxylon coca. A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive substance formerly used as an anesthetic. Abuse of cocaine by inhalation through the nose snorting is a serious health problem. Crack cocaine definition of crack cocaine by the free. Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to south america. The smoking of crack cocaine results in very rapid absorption of the drug into the bloodstream and an intense but fleeting high. Usually, crack is made by adding baking soda and water to cocaine and then heating the mixture. Cocaine is a hydrochloride salt in its powdered form, while crack cocaine is derived from powdered cocaine by combining it with water and another substance, usually baking soda sodium bicarbonate.
Cocaineinduced psychosis is a temporary onset of psychosis due to cocaine use. Origin of crack cocaine from its preparation by breaking cocaine crystals into pellets. Crack cocaine arrest legal definition of crack cocaine arrest. Crack cocaine is a hard substance that can be smoked and may be referred to as rock, base or just crack.
Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples log in dictionary. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. All that is needed to make crack cocaine is powdered cocaine, baking soda, water, a. The drug is still highly potent, very powerful and extremely addicting despite the chemical changes that take place when it is cooked. The difference between powder cocaine and crack cocaine.
It is made by processing cocaine with sodium bicarbonate baking soda to form small rocks, which can be smoked. No drugs are approved to rapidly reverse the cocaine overdose itself or to treat cocaine addiction. Chemically purified, very potent cocaine in pellet form that is smoked through a glass pipe and is considered highly and rapidly addictive. Chemically purified, very potent cocaine in pellet form that is smoked through a glass pipe and is. Cocaine crack, coke drug facts, effects, use nida for. Cocaine addiction is a complex illness that requires treatment. Perceived risk and disapproval of cocaine and crack use both decreased during the 1990s at all three grade levels. Cocaine simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Definition of crack cocaine arrest in the legal dictionary by free online english dictionary and encyclopedia. Cocaine hydrochloride is the chemical extracted from the leaves of the coca plant and is used to form the base of both cocaine and crack. Cocaine addiction has a serious impact on your mental and physical health, and can result in premature death.
To make crack, powder cocaine is mixed with ammonia or baking soda and water and then heated to produce the crystal. Cocaine definition is a bitter crystalline alkaloid c17h21no4 obtained from coca leaves that is used especially in the form of its hydrochloride medically as a topical anesthetic and illicitly for its euphoric effects and that may result in a compulsive psychological need. Crack cocaine is made from powdered cocaine in a simple process involving sodium bicarbonate baking soda. Information and translations of cocaine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. While crack cocaine is produced by mixing the original cocaine with a combination of water and baking soda, freebase cocaine comes from using ammonia to extract the base. Chronic users develop ulceration of the nasal mucosa that can. Street names for cocaine include crack, snow, powder, and blow. Crack cocaine or just crack is an illegal drug which is made from cocaine. A naturally occuring stimulant that is one of the most popular of the hard drugs used nowadays.
Crack cocaine definition and meaning collins english. Crack is usually less expensive than the normal form of cocaine. Cocaine definition of cocaine by medical dictionary. Now classified as a schedule ii drug, cocaine has legitimate medical uses as well. Cocaine definition of cocaine by the free dictionary. Crack cocaine, or socalled rock or rock cocaine, is cocaine in solid form. Crack cocaine, also known simply as crack or rock, is a free base form of cocaine that can be smoked.
Cocaine is distributed illegally in two main forms. Crack cocaine often nicknamed crack after the sound made during its manufacture is a lowerpurity form of freebase cocaine and contains sodium bicarbonate as impurity. As a street drug, cocaine looks like a fine, white, crystal powder. Crack cocaine and powder cocaine are sometimes referred to in research and other outlets simply as cocaine, but there is a big difference between the two.709 262 992 1264 33 1052 685 307 58 254 932 493 1049 615 994 1370 1423 695 613 633 649 1135 1120 344 481 347 1081 551